All Posts by Carl

Best Gynecomastia Compression Shirts – Quick, Risk-free Treatment

There are a number of men who suffer from abnormal tissue growth in the breasts, also known as gynecomastia or man boobs. There is a certain stigma to this condition in our society. Men who want to get rid of this condition often choose plastic surgery, take pills or go on a drastic weight loss programs. However a more sensible and often effective solution is to wear the best gynecomastia compression shirts.

Compression shirts for gynecomastia have gained increasing popularity in developed countries due to the number of people who suffer from the condition. Choosing the best compression shirts for breast growth in men is a cheaper and lot less risky solution than surgery or pills.

What is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is the overgrowth of tissue in the male breast. According to Wikipedia the most common reason for its occurrence is an imbalance in the hormonal balance of the body. Estrogen levels get too high compared to androgen levels. Estrogen is a female hormone, no wonder it has such womanly effects in men.

A common misconception is that oestrogen only has negative effects on the body of a man. Estrogen has positive effects in grown up males, such as causing positive mood. Estrogen production is increased during sexual intercourse too.

During puberty estrogen levels rise in young men. This is a normal occurrence, a part of growing up. The growth of male breasts during puberty is called youth gynecomastia and it affects the majority of men at one point or another. Several factors can affect oestrogen levels in the body. Eating habits, hormonal imbalances and lack of regular exercise can all contribute to a sustained rise of oestrogen levels. This in the long run leads to gynecomastia.

Any change in lifestyle that contributes to oestrogen levels going down and testosterone levels rising will lead to a reduction in male breast tissue. If you want to know more about the subject Andrology Australia has some excellent information on the subject.

Gynecomastia compression shirts

 One of the most common treatment methods is wearing gynecomastia compression shirts.  Such products cradle the body. By holding the skin tight they shape it. The best gynecomastia compression shirts make your man boobs invisible. This type of change in appearance doesn’t treat the causes of gynecomastia, but can cease the looks as an important first step.

If the patient wants to remove gynecomastia by exercising, the compression tops can have a real positive effect. They speed up the blood flow, which enables longer bouts of exercise. The muscles get a steady flow of oxygen, which lets them continue longer without exhaustion.

After exercise muscle burn and soreness is a serious problem. The muscles may feel sore even up to 48 or 72 hours after exercising depending on the difficulty of exercise. This is caused by the lactic acid and other waste materials building up inside the muscles. The best gynecomastia compression shirts help the lactic acid wash out from the muscles, therefore preventing muscle soreness from appearing. This allows you to exercise more and loose your “man boobs” quicker.

If you want to read more about the health benefits of compression shirts, here is a longer article. You can read about why compression shirts are essential for great sports performance in this article.

The best gynecomastia compression shirts for men are an effective alternative treatment to surgery or pills. Surgery is risky and involves a lengthy recovery period. Pills have side effects. However using the best gynecomastia compression shirts are just as effective without leaving any scars in your skin or risky side effects.

Gynecomastia surgery

Surgery is a costly and abrasive method of dealing with gynecomastia. Apart from slimming down your wallet, it is also the riskiest option. Still, it is one of the most frequent surgeries performed on men.

If deciding to get surgery focus on getting a great surgeon. This not only reduces the chances of unwanted complications, but ensures that recovery time will be minimal.

Gynecomastia pills

Male breast reduction pills are popular supplements. Although they come for a hefty price, but if you are looking for a quick fix they are effective.

These pills have side effects that prevent some people from taking them. For these people gynecomastia compression shirts are the best option.

The pros and cons of gynecomastia compression shirts

What are the positives of wearing gynecomastia compression shirts? First of all, there is no need for abrasive treatment methods, such as pills or surgery. Pills put a large toll on the kidneys and have side effects. Surgery can be complicated. Both can cost fortunes. On the other hand the best compression shirts for gynecomastia hardly cost anything. Male breast reduction compression shirts are the most budget friendly solutions.

If you wear the best compression tops for gynecomastia, you don’t need to make severe adjustments to your diet. These shirts have a natural ability to help with weight loss. They are also tight and have a natural slimming effect on the body. Just slip into one of these shirts, and instantly you will look a lot slimmer. Your muscles will look toned.

If you are attending a formal event, just slip into a gynecomastia compression tee under your shirt. This will make you look slimmer, and make the “man boobs” disappear. If photos are made of the event, you want people to look at them wondering how great you looked.

Temporarily these shirts can fix the issues concerning gynecomastia. In the long term a change in lifestyle, pills or surgery can all work. A change in diet, playing more sports or both might be needed to treat gynecomastia in the long term.

Which are the best gynecomastia compression shirts?

Choosing the best gynecomastia compression shirts are your best option of getting rid of the condition without spending a lot of money on pills or surgery. But what are the traits of the best products on the market?

Machine washable

I don’t know about you, but I prefer to spend as little time washing my shirts as possible. Choosing machine washable male breast reduction compression shirts is going to save you considerable time and effort.

Shaping effect

The best male breast reduction compression shirts flatten out your chest and torso as soon as you put them on. They make your ‘spare tires’ disappear immediately.

Moisture wicking material

There is nothing worse than feeling sweaty under your compression shirts. The best gynecomastia compression shirts let the sweat evaporate from your skin. This way your skin remains dry.


Nobody wants to change their compression shirt after wearing it only a few times. If you invest in the best gynecomastia compression shirt, it is only normal that you want to use for an extended period.

Right fit

If you shirt is too small, you will feel suffocated wearing it. If it is too big the compression technology won’t have any effect. Always check out the size charts when shopping at or try on the shirt in person if you have a chance.

Underworks Men’s Gynecomastia Compression Shirt

  • Excellent for swimming in salt and chlorine water.
  • Tight product, instantly tones your body.
  • A bit difficult to put on and take off due to its tightness.
  • Made of nylon and spandex mix.
  • Keeps you dry even in the greater humidity levels and in hot weather.
  • No visible seams in the front. The shirt is invisible if you wear it under your shirt.
  • Available in two colours: black and white.

Underworks Man’s Microfiber Performance Compression Tank

  • Made of a comfortable mix of microfibre, nylon and spandex.
  • Provides a snug feel while giving your body a slim and toned look.
  • Breathable material that keeps you dry and tones your body without restricting your movement.
  • Rated SPF 50 UV protection.
  • Effective for treating gynecomastia and mid-level hernia support.
  • The shirt is invisible under a shirt.

GC2 Gynecomastia Compression Shirt

  • Flattens out the chest, thus stopping gyneomastia.
  • Tightest compression at the chest.
  • Makes the excess tires go away.
  • Long to stay tucked in your pants.
  • Stays hidden under your shirt.
  • Unfortunately not machine washable.


Do you suffer from gynecomastia? Although society judges such people, there is no need to panic. There are several treatment methods available. Pills and surgery are both risky, but they treat ‘man boobs’ rapidly. Wearing the best gynecomastia compression shirts is the least risky, proven method of treating this condition. Do you have experience with gynecomastia? If so, leave a comment below!

Best Compression Tops – How to choose the best workout shirts?

Whenever I go to the gym, I see serious athletes and bodybuilders wearing some of the best compression tops. Even a few years ago compression shirts were not normal, only a handful of really committed bodybuilders wore them. Nowadays these garments are a respected part of any gym goer’s wardrobe. Let’s look at what makes the best compression tees and the best compression tops for men and women.

Why wear compression tops?

The best compression workout tops help by aiding your performance in the gym as well as speeding up the recovery between two workout sessions.

Compression tops work on a very basic premise. The garment puts pressure on the skin, which in turn pressures the veins. This speeds up blood flow.

Higher endurance threshold

During exercise the blood transports oxygen to the muscles quicker, and removes the carbon dioxide from the muscles. This improved oxygen supply helps the muscles work longer during endurance exercises. This is the reason runners started wearing compression socks. In the gym endurance exercises include working with smaller weights, but for longer bouts.

Quicker recovery

During strenuous exercise waste materials, such as lactic acid build up. This material is responsible for delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is the phenomena of pain in the muscles even up to 48  or 72 hours after exercising. The quicker blood flow helps wash out waste materials from the muscles. This in turn prevents DOMS.

Reduced muscle vibration

The best compression tops reduce muscle vibrations during workout in the gymMuscles have a natural vibration during movement. This can be the result of the muscle interacting with the environment, for example when your legs hit the road during running. Or this vibration can be a result of the muscle’s own movement. The best compression tops reduce this vibration, as they hold the muscles tightly. The material of the compression shirt cradles the muscle, and forces it to move in a more efficient way. The reduction in vibrations is a major reason for a reduced risk of injury when wearing compression tops.

Recovery after injury

While recovering from an injury the improved blood circulation and quicker blood flow helps the muscles rebuild themselves. During inflammation the T cells of the immune system can reach the inflamed areas quicker.

The best compression tops prevent edema. This condition involves swelling of the limbs as a result of excess fluid building up among the cells. This phenomena can appear as a result of little movement, which is common after coming back from major injuries. The compression technology helps balance the osmotic pressure, which in turn removes the excess fluids.

You can read more about edema on Wikipedia here. Read more about how compression technology can treat edema here.


Best compression top for womenIf you exercise outdoors, a common problem you have to face is your muscles cooling down if you start moving for a few minutes. Cool muscles are at a high risk of injury as a result of their stiffness. The best compression tops are made of materials that keep your muscles warm even during the cold days.

Body shape

Compression tops hold your upper body tightly. They make you look slimmer. If you have a little excess fat on your muscles, the best compression shirts can give you a slim, yet toned look. You wonder why the superheroes look so jacked on the movie screen? Part of that is hard training, but wearing superhero compression shirts helps too.

What makes the best compression tops?

One thing is for certain. There is no one product on the market, which is categorically the best. The best compression top might be different for everybody. However all the products that have a shot of being one of the best have to satisfy almost all of the following categories.


Most compression tees are made of a combination of spandex, nylon, polyester and lycra. However the best compression tops all have moisture wicking materials. There is nothing worse than sitting in your own sweat during exercising. Moisture wicking materials let your sweat evaporate, thus keeping your skin dry.

Anti bacterial

The sweat of a human is the perfect growing ground for bacteria. This makes sweat soaked compression shirts not very hygienic. Hence the best compression shirts have anti bacterial material woven into their fabric.

CopperCompression prides itself on producing compression shirts with the highest copper content on the market. Copper has antibacterial effects. The other material often used for such purposes is silver.

Graduated compression

There are two types of compression on the market: graduated and uniform. The best compression tops all use graduated compression. This technology puts the most pressure on you wrists and lower arms, and the pressure slightly subsides as the shirts is closer to your heart. This technology helps blood circulation the most without restricting movement or cutting off blood flow anywhere. Uniform compression shirts are available only with doctor’s prescription. They are used most often for treating edema.


Best compression tops fit the body tightly.The best compression shirt for you must fit your body perfectly. If the shirt is too tight, you will feel like suffocating inside it. If it is too loose, the compression technology can’t put pressure on the veins. Always check the size chart on the product’s Amazon page to avoid choosing the wrong size compression shirt.

Machine Washable

The best compression tees are machine washable. This saves you considerable time and effort. Imagine hand washing your compression top after every workout…

I always order multiple from the same compression gear. This way I can keep a rotation. I work out every day, by having three shirts I can always have a clean one ready, and after three days I wash them together with the other dark clothes I have.

Seamless design

Poorly designed seas can make wearing compression shirts a real nightmare. They can cause chaffing or skin burn. The best compression tops either have a seamless design, or they have flat lock stitching. This way your skin is protected from the abrasive effects of poorly designed seams.

Which are the best compression shirts for men and women?

Without further ado, let’s take a look at the best compression shirts sold on Amazon. What are the pros and cons of each model?

Champion Men’s Double Dry Compression Shirt

  • Machine washable
  • Flatlock stitching to prevent chaffing
  • Double dry moisture wicking fabric
  • Super soft mock mesh fabric
  • Very comfortable, snug fit
  • Available in short sleeve and long sleeve version.

DRSKIN Compression Cool Base Layer Shirt

  • Smooth and soft fabric that provides comfort with very little restriction
  • 98.8% UV blocking, non abrasive fabric with excellent elasticity and durability
  • Perfect for all seasons and sports – gym, running, basketball, skiing, snowboarding, yoga, water sports
  • Moisture wicking fabric with two way air circulation
  • Keeps you cool during the summer and warm during winter
  • Available in 36 colours!
  • Available in short sleeve and long sleeve versions.





Image Men’s Compression Base Layer Shirt

  • Great slimming effect, belly and body shaping vest
  • Available for a value price
  • Helps weight loss
  •  80% nylon, 20% polyester fiber with moisture wicking attributes


GAOAG Women’s Compression Bodybuilding Fitness Top

  • Non abrasive fabric with excellent elasticity and durability
  • Moisture wicking fabric with two way air circulation
  • Anti-bacterial fabric with odor control



Lavento Women’s Sport Compression Shirts

  • 85% polyester and 15% spandex, moisture wicking two way dry material
  • Feels comfortable like a second skin
  • Odor resistance
  • 4 way stretch fabric moves with you, always holding your muscles tight, but never restricting movement.
  • Available in 21 different colours!


I hope this article helped you find the best compression top for your situation. No matter if you are looking for workout gear or if your are recovering from an injury, the best compression tees have certain characteristics. They are comfortable, use graduated compression, let your skin breathe and their material has antibacterial qualities.

Best Compression Sleeves for Shin Splints for Runners: How to Choose

Shin splints are a very common running injury. Athletes suffer from it after overtraining. Is there a way to get rid of shin splints? Is there a way to prevent it altogether? If you are a regular reader of CompressionCarl, you know that compression technology, especially compression socks and compression sleeves are a great solution. In this article we are going to look at the best compression sleeves for shin splints.

What are shin splints?

But what does exactly shin splints mean? Wikipedia defines it as pain along the inner edge of the shinbone.

Shin splints can affect the front and the inside edge of the shin bone. The former is called anterior shin splints. The latter is called posterior shin splints. This condition causes severe pain around the shinbone, in the front lower part of your leg.

A short video explaining shin splints:

What causes shin splints?

Shin splints usually appear when one overworks their body during strenuous exercise. Runners who suddenly increase their milage, or don’t leave enough recovery time between workouts can suffer from shin splints. Runners coming back from injury too fast can also suffer from this condition.

Usually the pain subsides during exercise, so it is very hard to feel what is the cutoff point before overworking the shinbone.

Exercising in poorly fitting shoes, running on too hard surfaces or running uphill too much increases the chances of suffering from shin splints. Imbalance in other muscles groups can be a risk factor too.

The most common treatment is having a rest. However there is a better way. By wearing best compression sleeves for shin splints, runners can speed up the recovery process. The recovery can be quicker if the blood flow around the shinbone gets better with the best compression calf sleeves for shin splint.

A short video about shin splints and how to cure them:

What does the science say?

Are compression sleeves helpful in treating shin splints, enhancing performance or speeding up recovery. There have been multiple studies that demonstrated the efficacy of compression socks and compression sleeves for endurance athletes. The results suggest that compression garments are helpful in increasing performance and speeding up recovery.

Thankfully there was a study done to find out whether the best compression sleeves for shin splints can help recovery.

 Maarten Hendrik Moen and colleagues performed a controlled study in 2012. The aim of the study was to find out whether the functional outcome of three common shin splint treatment methods lead to the same results. The three methods were: recovery running program, running program with additional stretching and strength exercises, and finally recovery program with compression socks. The study found that the subjects using compression socks recovered a little quicker, although the results were not statistically significant.

Organic treatment

The key to not develop shin splints is exercising sensibly. Only push yourself a little each time, and refrain from overworking the muscles. If all else fails, putting ice cubes on the problem area can work wonders.

The proper running technique is crucial. Pay attention to your strike point body position, have even and short strides. If you have regular problems with shin splits, then a shoe insert might help. Consult with a professional paediatrician to determine which shoe insert would work best for you.

If you started developing shin splints after getting a new pair of running shoes, these might be the problem. Try exercising in another pair of shoes and see if the problem subsides.

Compression sleeves as treatment for shin splints

Wearing the best compression sleeves for shin splints is one of the best way to avoid the condition. These products increase blood flow around your shinbone. The oxygenated blood reaches the area quicker. The same goes for nutrients and the T cells of the immune system. The steady blood flow lowers the chances of developing inflammation.

The best compression calf sleeves for shin splints keep your shinbone warm. A common problem for people exercising outdoors is the muscle cooling down. The best compression calf sleeves are made of warm materials that let your skin breathe. This way the shinbone is warm during the cold months of winter, but cool during the summer.


The best compression sleeves for shin splints help reduce injuries in another way. They hold the calf muscles tightly, thereby reducing muscle vibration. This reduces muscle fatigue, and the fresher the muscles, the lower the risk of soft tissue injury is. Also if the muscle makes an awkward move – for example during a fall – the sleeves protect it.



The CopperCompression Recovery Calf Sleeves

The sleeves are made mostly from a mixture of nylon or spandex. The best compression calf sleeves for shin splints have antibacterial material. Your sweat is an excellent growing ground for bacteria. CopperCompression sleeves are infused with copper. The copper content prevents bacterial growth.



What is the difference between compression socks and compression sleeves?

Compression socks cover your whole foot, and not just the area from your ankle to your knee. This is especially important if your feet suffer from such conditions as achilles tendon pain or plantar fasciitis. This leads to better circulation in the legs overall.

Most socks have extra padding at the balls of the feet and the heels, which reduce the impact of the feet hitting the ground while you run or walk.

On the other hand you can wear sleeves with just one pair of socks, so they can be worn inside a tighter pair of shoes. They are also easier to put on and readjust if they start sliding down.

If you want to read more about the subject, check out this article about compression socks vs sleeves.

What should you looks for in the best compression sleeves for shin splints?

Graduated compression

No matter which type of calf compression sleeves you buy, please make sure that it has compression technology. Graduated compression works best. Graduated stands for the phenomena whereby the pressure is largest at the bottom of the sleeve, and subsides as it gets closer to the knee. This helps blood circulation the most without restricting mobility.

There are different compression ranges. Strength of compression is measured in mm Hg, or millimetres of mercury. The higher this measure, the more pressure the compression sleeves put on your calves.

Anything under 10 mm Hg is considered low compression. Medium compression can get up to 20 mm Hg. After 30 mm Hg is labelled medical compression, these products are prescribed by doctors for edema patients.

A high pressure compression sleeve for shin splints: Gabor Fitness Running Leg Sleeves

  • Premium breathable, comfortable material with reflective safety stripes
  • Proven to reduce muscle vibration, shin splints and limit swelling
  • Provides optimal blood flow to the muscles with 20-25 mm Hg graduated compression
  • Available in six colours: black, whit, blue, orange, pink, red

Customer feedback:

  • Reduces tiredness almost immediately after putting them on
  • Limits swelling
  • Reduces pain and soreness during exercise
  • Helps the elderly with muscle movement
  • Easy to put them on
  • For people with exceptionally large calves they might be too small

Check out further reviews and pricing of the Gabor Fitness Leg Running Sleeves Here


The secret ingredient: Crabon

Look for carbon infused compression sleeves for shin splints. Carbon infusion to the sleeve ensures that the blood flow is increased to the entire calf region of the leg. The carbon infusion gets activated by the body heat, and starts increasing the blood flow as the athlete gets into his workout.

Secret ingredient No 2: Copper

As I already mentioned above, bacteria might grow in sweaty compression sleeves. CopperCompression calf sleeves are my favourite sleeves since the copper content prevents bacteria growth and fights body odour. Check out further reviews of the CopperCompression calf sleeves for shin splints here. 


The best compression sleeves for shin splints must be made of durable materials. These sleeves can take the wear and tear of daily use. They will be able to serve you for longer time. If you do cross country or trail running, durable sleeves can protect your skin against sharp grass and pebbles.


You should look good in your compression sleeves. Everybody wants to look hip and fashionable when exercising outdoors or in the gym.


Compression products are worthless if they don’t hug around your skin tightly. They shouldn’t be so tight that they choke the life out of your calves. If they are too tight and leave a red mark on your skin after you take them off, then it is time to look for a looser model. However if they are so loose that they hardly stay on your skin, the compression technology can’t do its job.

Shin splint wraps

These little additions can significantly reduce the pain and discomfort one feels when wearing compression shin splint sleeves. They also reduce the swelling one might experience as a side-effect of lesser circulation.

Kinesiology Taping Design: Blitzu Compression Sleeves

  • Combines Blitzu’s innovative kinesiology tapes with the positive effects of graduated compression. These tapes target shin splints. You get the same benefits, but without having to be taped up by a professional trainer.
  • Gives you instant relief from shin splints, muscle soreness and swelling.
  • 100% satisfaction guarantee. If you don’t get results, you get your money back no questions asked.
  • Available in four colours: black, white, purple, pink.

Customer feedback:

  • Durable, machine washable. Robust sewing.
  • Perfect compression, effective without feeling the pressure.
  • Very easy to put on.

Check out further reviews and pricing of the Blitzu Compression Sleeves Here


The best compression sleeves for shin splints help reduce injury and speed up your recovery time. They are a must have item in any runner’s wardrobe.

There is no one size fits all solution for everybody. Everybody’s situation is different, however the best compression socks for shin splints share some common traits. They use graduated compression, fit your legs tightly, are made of durable materials, and have copper or carbon content. Do you use compression sleeves? Share your experiences with us in the comments below!

Best elbow compression sleeves: Easy injury prevention and treatment for tennis elbow

Elbow compression sleeves are more and more common among office workers and athletes. These people use their arms every day, and as a result one of their most important joints- their elbow requires special attention. The best elbow compression sleeves can help prevent injuries and long lasting damage.

Probably you have seen athletes, most notably tennis and basketball players wear elbow compression sleeves on tv. The most famous example might be Allen Iverson, who made elbow sleeves famous by making them fashion craze among NBA players. Since then the likes of Dwayne Wade and LeBron James have followed suit.

Although fashionable, the best elbow compression sleeves have medical purposes. They reduce swelling, inflammation and muscle pain.

What is the purpose of the best elbow compression sleeves?

Elbows are one of the most used joints in the body. You use them every time you move your lower arm. It is no surprise that manual labourers, athletes and the elderly need special protection to take care of this vital joint.

Compression elbow sleeves help recover from elbow pain quickly.

Ligaments surrounding the joints are responsible for connecting the muscles to each other. Joints connect the bones to one another. The ligaments can get inflamed, aggravated through overworking, or excessive use.  The effects take a long time to heal.

The elbow sleeve provides special support to the ligaments, reducing their possible range of motion. The best compression elbow sleeves speed up the recovery of inflamed ligaments, as they increase the blood flow to the area.  The ligaments receive more nutrition, and the T-cells can access the area easier.

Their material makeup of the best elbow sleeves can be quite varied. Some are made of neoprene, others of lycra or polyamids. However they are all stretchable, breathable fabrics that hold your elbow joint firmly, without seriously affecting your ability to move.

The best elbow compression sleeves use graduated compression. This type aids blood circulation the most without restricting your range of motion or putting too much pressure on the muscles.

What kind of conditions do elbow compression sleeves treat?


Arthritis is a term used for referring to any condition affecting the joints. There are over 100 types of arthritis according to Wikipedia. The most common symptoms are stiffness and joint pain, but the patient can experience warmth, decreased range of motion, and in severe cases even the muscles can be affected.

It is a common injury, and should not be taken lightly. It is the largest cause of disability among Americans, causing more than $100 billion in lost earnings every year to American citizens.


Bursitis is the inflammation of the small sacs between the joints. These sacs are filled with fluid, which acts as a lubricant during movement. These small sacs are referred to as bursae, hence the name of the condition.

The condition causes severe pain in the joints, since the bourse are inflamed, and it gets harder for the bones to move. The condition doesn’t heal easily on its own, as using the joint only makes it more inflamed. The constant rubing of the tendons on the bursae doesn’t let them heal.

In severe cases the treatment of the condition requires antibiotic therapy, but copper infused compression sleeves can do a world of good toward healing this condition. Physiotherapy is also a common treatment.


The best elbow compression sleeves can be just as helpful in treating tendonitis. This condition covers tendon injuries that are accompanied by inflammation according to Wikipedia. This injury most commonly affects the elbow, the tendons in the lower arm and the wrist. It is common to see cubicle workers develop tendonitis from typing, while basketball and volleyball players are common sufferers from ankle tendonitis.

Tendonitis can appear in other parts of your body too. If you struggle with foot pain, either calf compression sleeves or foot compression sleeves can provide helpful treatment.

Tennis elbow

The result of repetitive hand motions

Tennis elbow is a minor injury that affects 3% of the American male population between ages 30 and 50. According to WebMD only 5% of the cases appear as a result of playing tennis. A sure sign of the condition is a small pinching pain on the outside of your elbow, where tendons connect to the bone. As a result of constant, monotone use small tears appear in the tendon and the muscle it connects to. That is why it affects anybody who does repetitive motions with his arm, such as assembly workers, lumberjacks and cooks.

Golf elbow is a similar injury. Golfers can get it through having poor swing posture as well as using oversized golf clubs. The condition can get worse if the patient grips too hard on the club, or holds the club too stiffly during his swing.

Treating elbow tendonitis

Elbow tendonitis treatment has many ways. While most doctors would recommend anti inflammatory drugs coming mostly in the form of paste that you have to apply to the inflamed tendon, or pills, there are less agressive methods.

Elevating the inflamed body part can be useful, but it is not really realistic. After all, office workers can’t spend their whole day with their hands over their head.

Compression therapy is a common way to deal with this condition. Choosing the best elbow compression sleeve can significantly speed up your recovery from tendonitis.

Other benefits

A less commonly recognised, but not less important benefit of the best elbow compression sleeves is that they keep your elbows warm. A common problem if you exercise outside, is the cooling of the muscles. Even in the gym after you warm up you might not start using your elbows straight away. In that case elbow compression sleeves can help keep the most important joint in your arms warm.

Which are the traits of the best elbow compression sleeves?

The best elbow compression sleeves have high copper content. There used to be debate whether copper infused compression sleeves really worked, but the science is conclusive. These products are not a simple craze, they actually help treat tendonitis and other elbow conditions.

What are the exact benefits of copper? There are multiple, it has antibacterial benefits, it fights body odour.

This claim has been well studied. The most cited study in the subject was performed by Grass, Rensing and Solioz in 2011. They concluded:

Bacteria, yeasts, and viruses are rapidly killed on metallic copper surfaces, and the term “contact killing” has been coined for this process.

While you are engaging in sports and outdoor activities, bacteria can start growing in your sweat. Wearing copper infused compression sleeves is one of the best steps you can take to have better skin hygiene.

The Best Elbow Compression Sleeve:
Copper Compression Gear Premium Recovery Elbow Sleeve

 If we are looking at copper infused compression gear, this model is the best elbow compression sleeve. It keeps your skin hygienic, promotes blood flow thus accelerates muscle recovery. No wonder these are the most popular compression elbow sleeves among golfers, weightlifters and tennis players. Guaranteed to aid recovery of injured muscles, joints, prevent tendonitis and arthritis.

The company guarantees that these are the compression elbow sleeves with the highest copper content on the market.  88% of the sleeve is copper – nylon mix.

The Copper Compression sleeves give your arms the support they need without  restricting their movement in any way.

Check out further reviews and pricing on Amazon.

Copper Compression Elbow Sleeve

The Copper Compression Elbow Sleeves are the perfect choice if you are looking for a pair of sleeves to recover from tendonitis or arthritis.

These sleeves guaranteed to have the highest copper content out of any compression elbow sleeves on the market. The copper is important in order to provide a perfect fit for the sleeve on your arm.

These sleeves treat a number of elbow conditions, such as tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, osteoporosis.

This is a great model to start supporting your aching joints and muscles. The compression technology increases your blood flow to the inflamed area. The blood flow increases thanks to the pressure the sleeves put on your elbow, which helps the nutritions get to the inflamed area.

Check out further reviews and product information on Amazon

Even though the model holds your arm tightly, it doesn’t affect your range of motion. You will be able to use them all day long. The material of the sleeves is so durable that you can wash them over and over without them loosing their structure.


Nordic Lifting Elbow Compression Sleeves

These compression sleeves were made for protecting your elbow joints from tendonitis, and helping them recover from the condition. They also treat common conditions such as tennis elbow and golf elbow. Apart from these sports, the Nordic Lifting Elbow Compression Sleeves are the best compression sleeves for  weightlifting.

Apart from preventing injuries, they speed up recovery since the compression technology relieves soreness while aiding muscle rehabilitation. The material of the sleeves retains heat, thereby keeping your muscles warm.

Event hough they are comfortable, they hold your elbow tightly without restricting its movement. The material is premium nylon. Its ergonomic sleeve design provides extra comfort as well as a perfect fit.

The company is so confident in these lifting elbow compression sleeves, that they offer a one year money back guarantee. In case the sleeves feel uncomfortable, you get your money back no questions asked.

Copper Compression Colored Elbow Sleeves

This line of compression sleeves is part of a limited release from Copper Compression. Since they are a solid choice for a cut price, they are best budget compression sleeves of 2017.

This model is available in five different colours: blue, pink, white, red and green. If you want to display your playful personality while protecting your elbows in the gym, these sleeves are the perfect choice. These are the best elbow compression sleeves if you wish to choose one in a colour that goes with your clothes.

The company guarantees that these sleeves have the highest copper content out of any coloured elbow compression sleeves on the market. If you find a better product, the company will refund your money, no questions asked.

The sleeves use copper ions (Cu+ and Cu++) rather than copper oxide. This guarantees not only higher copper content, but better quality copper too. The material of the sleeves makes them elastic, yet firm. This supports your muscles, but doesn’t restrict your range of motion.

Your muscles might feel sore as a result of intensive workouts. Don’t worry! The compression technology and copper content of these sleeves will freshen up your muscles in no time. Tennis players, weightlifters or golfers of all ages and skill levels can benefit from these sleeves.

Neoprene sleeves

Neoprene sleeves are a simple solution if you want to have your elbows covered with something. They keep them warm and protect them somewhat against injuries, but they are not the best elbow compression sleeves by any stretch. However you can have them for a cut price.

They are unisex, as they usually come in a simple black colour. Their seams are not so well designed, if the sleeves don’t fit perfectly you might experience bruising.


Although the best compression elbow sleeves might be different for everybody, we can make the following conclusions. They are all copper infused. They all feel comfortable yet hold your elbow tightly. Thanks to the benefits of compression technology they help you prevent and recover for conditions such as tennis elbow, golf elbow, arthritis and tendonitis. We have found that the Copper Compression Gear Premium Recovery Elbow Sleeve is the best compression elbow sleeve on the market at the moment.


What is the purpose of calf compression sleeves?

You can see runners, cyclists and soccer players wearing compression socks more and more nowadays. Many of these athletes prefer wearing compression sleeves vs compression socks. You can see even some marathon runners wearing compression sleeves, and they are very popular among triathletes. But what is the purpose of compression calf sleeves exactly? This article will explain the purpose of calf compression sleeves, and why you should wear them.

Why Wear Calf Compression Sleeves?

A calf compression sleeve is a tight, but elastic piece of fabric that covers your leg from the ankles to your knees. It holds your calf tightly, without restricting movement.

The tightness of the material puts pressure on the veins, which reduces their diameter. This results in quicker blood flow.

The tightness of the material also reduces muscles vibration. This leads to more efficient muscle movement, and reduced rate of injuries. These are the main purposes of calf compression sleeves.

What is the Purpose of Calf Compression Sleeves?

Compression calf sleeves in action

Compression calf sleeves apply pressure on the veins, thus helping blood circulation in the area they cover. Since these sleeves cover your calf, that is where they have their effect.

The improved blood circulation has numerous results. The muscles get more oxygen and nutrients, thus can work better. They can also recover quicker from exercise.

The quicker blood flow to the area means the T cells of the immune system can travel quicker to the muscle, hence the area recovers quicker from inflammation. This way the compression calf sleeve aids recovery and rehabilitation. This is one of the most common purpose of calf compression sleeves.

What does the science say?

There have been many studies looking at the effects of compression clothing, but few have investigated the claims behind the purpose of compression calf sleeves.

One of the most cited studies involving compression socks have been performed by Menetrier et al in 2011. They have found that compression sleeves increased tissue oxygenation, but this had little effect on running performance. However it made recovery faster and more effective.

Another, more recent study performed in 2016 by Engel, Holmberg and Sperlich found that compression sleeves improved endurance significantly, especially time to exhaustion. This positive effect was down to a combination of improved biomechanics, running economy and muscle temperature. Also compression sleeves reduce muscle pain, damage and inflammation.

You can find a review of more studies about running compression socks and compression shirts at these links.

What is the difference between compression sleeves and socks?

The main difference is that compression socks cover more of your leg, namely they cover your feet, while compression sleeves apply compression only on your calves.

For this reason it is essential to choose compression socks instead of calf compression sleeves if you want to cure plantar fasciitis or edema.

On the other hand compression foot sleeves are easier to put on, and they are easier to remove. Compression sleeves are also more popular among triathletes, since when you come out of the water after swimming they dry quicker.

If you want to know more about the differences between compression sleeves and socks, this article goes into the subject in depth: Compression socks vs sleeves.

Calf Compression Sleeve Benefits

Increased blood circulation

Increased blood circulation brings with it a whole list of benefits

First of all, the increased blood circulation achieved by the extra pressure put on the muscles leads to a lot of other benefits. Many people suffer from inadequate circulation in the lower extremities, because the veins get tired. They have to pump the blood against the force of gravity. This can lead to the walls of the veins loosening up. Compression sleeves apply pressure on the veins, thus reducing their diameter. This leads to quicker blood flow. If you wear compression calf sleeves more oxygen and nutrients flow the calf muscles. This is the main purpose of calf compression sleeves.

Quicker recovery

After exercise waste materials build up in the muscles. After running many people feel soreness in their calves. This phenomena is called delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).

DOMS is caused by the buildup of lactic acid and other waste materials. Quicker blood flow washes out the waste materials sooner, which makes the soreness subside quicker. Your calf muscles will be able to recover quicker.

Quicker healing

The increased blood flow leads to quicker recovery from injuries. The calves get more nutrients, which allows them to rebuild in a shorter time.

Injury prevention

Compression calf sleeves your calf muscles. The muscles perform movements in a more efficient way. This reduces energy consumption.

When moving the muscles perform micro vibrations. During running this comes from the feet touching the floor, and the vibrations from this contact are absorbed by the muscles. If the calves are cradled by compression sleeves, these vibrations are reduced. This way one of the biggest reasons for micro tears and soft tissue injuries is removed.

What to look out for when buying compression calf sleeves?

There are many different models on the market, and there is no one size fits all solution. Everybody’s situation is different and requires a different type of sleeve. But there are some things that are common among the best compression calf sleeves. The best calf compression sleeves all fulfill their purpose with the following features:

Seamless design: Poorly designed seams might irritate the skin. This can lead to chaffing, blisters and other skin damage.

Moisture wicking material: The best compression calf sleeves allow your skin to breathe. This way your skin can stay dry even during the most demanding exercise. There is nothing worse than running in sleeves soaked with sweat.

Anti bacterial:

Your sweat contains water and salts that provide an excellent environment for bacteria. The best compression sleeves contain anti bacterial material, which prevents bacteria growth. The most notable ones are CopperCompression calf sleeves, which has the highest copper content of all the calf compression sleeves on the market.

Machine washable: Just tossing your compression sleeves in the washing machine instead of hand washing them will save you considerable time and effort.

Graduated compression: Graduated compression applies the most pressure on your calves, and this pressure slightly gets lower as the sleeves is higher on your leg. This type of compression aids your blood circulation the most. The other type of compression – uniform compression – is only used for treating edema patients.


Compression calf sleeves are used by runners, cyclists, basketball and soccer players. Thanks to their positive effects on recovery and sports performance they are more and more popular.

What is the purpose of calf compression sleeves? The increased blood flow and protection it provides justifies wearing them. Many athletes who have tried them out now can’t imagine life without them. Why should you wear compression calf sleeves? Try out one and you will never go back to living without them.


How to Choose the Best Compression Shirts

Compression shirts are one of those items I see more and more in gyms. People have started to reconsider how they think about compression gear, and started to enjoy the full benefits of compression performance clothing. This article will help you choose the best compression shirts in order to unlock your true athletic potential. It is going to cover what the benefits of upper body compression clothing and which ones are the best compression shirts.

Performance clothing

Compression garments are designed to hold your body tight, in order to apply pressure on the veins and help blood circulation. This has many positive effects, like better muscle performance, quicker muscle recovery and decreased risk of injury.

 Runners have been the first ones to embrace and benefit from compression wear, but slowly other sports started to catch up as well. Now cyclists, soccer and basketball, badminton players can all be seen wearing compression clothing.

Although the sheer success of compression garments should be proof of their effectiveness, the scientific evidence is not clear about their effectiveness. Although many studies demonstrated the benefits of the best compression socks and the best compression shirts, but these studies all used different models, so their results are not conclusive.

What does the science say?

A 2015 study performed by Stickford et al. found that wearing compression garments significantly improved running economy at higher speeds. Although there was no difference in muscle workrate at submaximal speeds.

One of the most cited studies about compression shirts was performed by Daniel J Cipriani.  He conducted a study where he tried to assess the benefits of wearing compression shirts with expert cyclists. Cyclists taking part in the study reported significant perceived benefits in post-ride recovery.

Several studies have proven that compression socks reduce delayed onset muscle soreness. Many runners had similar experience. By applying pressure on the veins and reducing their diameter the blood flows quicker from the muscles. As the blood washes through the muscles, it flushes away the lactate and other waste materials.

Running compression shirt in action

In 2014 the Australian Family Physician – a publication geared at providing evidence-based medical advice – published a study claiming that compression shirts and leggings improved balance while helping injury prevention.

In 2009 Kemmler published a study where he wanted to find out the effect of compression socks on maximal running effort. The study concluded, that running effort was aided by wearing compression socks. The difference in performance most likely came from improved running ergonomy.

One of the most revealing and surprising studies was performed by Varela-Sanz in 2011. He and his colleagues were examining what causes the effectiveness of compression socks. Their finding was the most remarkable out of all the studies. They found that compression socks decreased the average heart rate in runners wearing compression gear over medium distances.

The positive effects of the best compression shirts

The main positive effect of compression clothing is its effect on the circulatory system. The blood travels quicker from the organs to the muscles, providing a steady stream of nutrients, helping the muscles regenerate themselves and grow.

The firm, yet elastic material of the shirts stabilises the muscles. By keeping the muscles in a firm structure, the muscles keep their alignment and the risk of injury is reduced.

But exactly what type of compression gear do you need? Let’s concentrate on the types of compression shirts on the market. If you need recovery or performance enhancement in other areas of your body, you might want to look at compression socks and leggings, compression sleeves or compression shorts.

A short video about how to wear compression shirts:

Reasons for wearing compression shirts

Functional clothing such as compression shirts are put into the following categories:

Medical: These functional compression shirts are for patients who suffer from chronic muscle or tendon injuries. They are usually available only with a doctor’s prescription.

Sports: These are for professional athletes or weekend warriors who want to enhance their performance or recover faster after a demanding workout.

Vanity: People wear these mainly for aesthetic reasons, they give the body tone and shape.

Cross-functional: These compression shirts combine features from the above categories, giving protection to the muscles while toning the body and helping it recover quicker.

What benefits can you expect from wearing the best compression shirts?

Upper body compression apparel comes in all types of shapes and colours, treating different issues. Exactly what benefits can you expect from wearing the best compression shirts?

Improved blood circulation in the upper body. All compression garments work based on these premises, regardless if we are speaking about compression hand sleeves, wrist bands or the best compression shirts.

The increased blood flow delivers more nutrients to the muscles quicker, and washing out the waste materials from the muscles. Such waste products include lactic acid and carbon dioxide. The lactic acid is responsible for delayed onset muscle soreness, which causes fatigue and discomfort in the muscles even up to 72 hours after exercise. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is another term used for this phenomena.

The increased blood flow also aids recovery. In case of inflammation, the T cells of the immune system reach the inflamed area and heal it quicker.

The increased economy of movement helps by reducing the number of muscles that need to activate for a given movement pattern. Those muscles that activate, perform their movements more efficiently, so by achieving the same results with less energy.

What are compression shirts made of?

Superhero “Punisher” compression shirt.

If you like exercising outdoors, you need compression shirts with sun protection. The best compression T-shirts are infused with protective material that has up to 50 SPF sun protection rating.

The manufacturers might put antibacterial materials into the fabric. Most notably Copper Compression produces the best antibacterial upper body compression wearables. Thin lines of copper are woven into the fabric, fighting bacteria that otherwise infest the compression shirt when you sweat. This preventive system reduces body odour.

The best compression shirts have moisture wicking abilities. The sweat can evaporate from the skin, resulting in a much better, more comfortable workout experience.

However athletes are not the only ones who can benefit from using compression shirts. The best upper body compression garments have other benefits for the general public.

Compression shirts and weight loss

If you have put on a little weight recently, or you already started an exercise routine, but you want to experience some quick results, slimming compression shirts.

Just put on one of the best compression shirts under your regular T-shirts. You won’t believe the results. They smooth out the little extra weight you might have here or there, while offering support to the muscles. You can find short sleeve or long sleeve models as well on the market. To experience all the benefits, find a model that fits you perfectly.

Some men suffer from overgrowth of tissue in the breast area. Even though they exercise regularly, this area is still overgrown. Compression shirts help smooth out the breasts, and loose weight quicker from this part of the body.

Casual people can wear compression shirts too. With some movies portraying the likes of Batman and Superman and at the same time montages of fit, muscular actors exercising on the big screen wearing compression shirts, the general public has also become more accepting of these garments.

There are differences in the design of the best compression shirts for men and the best compression shirts for women. Since the two sexes have different muscular makeup, their compression shirts also have different designs. Also the designs of these two models differ.

Best compression shirts for men

Under Armour Men’s Heatgear Armour Long-Sleeve Shirt

Most athletes could use a long sleeve compression shirt. When playing outside the UA Heatgear gives much needed protection against the sunlight. Powered with a strong, UPF 30+ UV Ray protection, it protects the skin from the sun’s harmful rays.

Made of the HeatGear fabric, and combining all the benefits of UnderArmour Compression. It lets your skin breathe and dry up. It has stretch-mesh underarm panels to deliver strategic ventilation to the place where sweating is the biggest issue for most people.

When playing sports mobility is of the essence. The best compression shirts get a very delicate balance right. They are strong and firm enough to press your muscles and give shape to your body, but they give you a lot of mobility.

When you are playing outside, you get sweaty easily. The UA Heatgear works so well because it has a moisture wicking system that transports the sweat away from your body.

UnderArmour Men’s Short Sleeve Shirt

This short sleeve model is comfortable, stretchable and gives you all the benefits of compression technology. Just like the UnderArmour Heatgear, this model also comes with stretch-mesh underarm panels to provide better ventilation and keep your skin dry throughout exercising.

It also has UV protection, an essential element if you are exercising outside. The model comes with four way stretch fabrication that allows enhanced mobility whichever direction you want it. For further protection its moisture wicking transport system wicks sweat away from the skin.

Made of synthetic materials, 84% polyester and 16% elastane. This fabric makeup gives great tone to your body while still letting it move and stretch. You will not want to take them off, looking like Adonis with a perfectly toned body and feeling so comfortable.

JustOneStyle Black Running Base Layer Shirt

This compression shirt is an excellent choice for runners. Runners need to have a base layer shirt to provide added structure and support for their muscles. The compression fit of the JustOneStyle shirt bolsters support and produces better blood circulation.

As most runners prefer running outdoors over the treadmill, it is vital that the best running compression shirts come equipped with UV radiation protection.

Thankfully the JustOneStyle Compression running shirts are machine washable, saving you considerable time and effort.

Comes at a considerably cheaper price than its UnderArmour counterparts. With this compression shirt you get a great model that feels comfortable and provides all the benefits of compression technology for a value price.

Under Armour Men’s Superhero Compression Shirt

Maybe many people wouldn’t wear these to the gym, or show up publicly in these, but these compression shirts are an excellent way to look muscular while living out your inner geek. Available in many designs, such as Captain America, the Flash, Batman and Superman.

The shirts were made from the patented Under Armour HeatGear fabric. This  4-way stretch fabrication allows for greater mobility while giving more tone to your body. The moisture transport system of the fabric wicks away your sweat and dries up fast. Since you can wear these shirts the whole day, the fabrics anti-odor technology prevents the growth of odor causing microbes. At the same time the fabric prevents your skin from the harmful UV rays of the Sun.

Best compression shirts for women

DRSKIN Women’s Compression Running Shirt

This compression shirt is made of ultra soft fabric (92% polyester and 8% spandex) to provide a smooth, comfortable feel on your body with very little weight and no restriction. The fabric is elastic and durable, blocs out 98.8% of the UV light.

Great for all sports, such as running, tennis, weight training, yoga, cycling, skiing and snowboarding. It’s quick time dry system lets the sweat evaporate from your skin. The shirt allows two way air circulation, to keep you warm during the winter, and dry during summer months.

You get to enjoy all the benefits of the best compression shirt for women without sacrificing comfort or looks. Do better in the gym, and recover faster from workouts while looking great in the best compression shirt for women.


The best compression shirts allow you to enjoy all the benefits of compression clothing on your upper body. They give you protection against the elements, yet improve blood circulation. They don’t restrict your movement, but add tone to your body. The best compression shirts for men and women can help your whole workout tremendously, or make weight loss quicker.

Compression socks vs sleeves – Which one to choose?

Here at CompressionCarl we get the same question over and over again: should I buy compression socks or compression sleeves? There is no definite answer, each person’s situation is different. There are pros and cons to wearing both compression sleeves and compression socks. Let’s take a look at them and put an end to the compression socks vs sleeves question once and for all.

Compression socks vs sleeves: No definite answer

I wish I could tell you exactly which one is better, but the truth is that there is no one size fits all solution. Personal preference is going to influence the choice, just as comfort levels and the type of activity you do. If you are a runner suffering from shin splints compression sleeves might be a better option. For nurses compression socks might be better.

Socks are more effective in helping the veins in your feet in pumping blood up to the heart. The extra pressure put on the veins helps them regain their original, narrow shape and thus the deoxygenated blood can flow unobstructed to the heart. Then the heart pumps it through the organs, filling up the blood with nutrients and oxygen, all necessary for proper regeneration and muscle work. This is especially important if you regularly suffer from inflammation. An acute, local version of inflammation is plantar fasciitis, a surprisingly common diagnosis among runners.


Compression socks v sleeves: Compression socks in action

One of the biggest differences between compression socks vs sleeves is the mobility they offer. Since sleeves cover a smaller part of your foot, they also give you greater mobility. This is true especially for the toes, which are completely free with compression sleeves.

If you are a weightlifter, a golf or a tennis player, then compression elbow sleeves can give your arms support without restricting your movement.

There are certain compression socks which reach over your knees. These ones give your knee joints more support, but restrict your mobility a little bit.


When your legs retain too much water, your legs suffer of edema. Wearing the best edema compression socks is the most effective treatment. This is a condition where the larger surface of the socks really helps. By covering your whole feet, the socks achieve a lot better circulation than compression sleeves.

This helps the excess fluid wash out from the cells and the edema to subside.

Preventing inflammation

On the other hand, the more the compression garment covers, the larger part of your body can benefit from the effects of compression.

If you have inflammation around your toes, compression socks are the choice to go with.

After workout recovery

Compression socks vs sleeves: Compression sleeves in action

After a demanding workout it is normal to feel tired and soreness in the muscles. This phenomena is called delayed onset muscle soreness.

It makes complete sense to reduce the time the body needs to recover from workouts. This was the original reason why runners and cyclists started wearing compression socks.

The sore feeling in your muscles comes from lactic acid buildup. This material builds up in your muscles during extensive exercise. Compression garments help reduce the buildup of lactic acid during workouts, and improve circulation to wash it out of the muscles after the workout is over.

Compression sleeves are better during exercise, since they give you more mobility. At the same time they reduce the vibration of the muscles just like compression socks do.

However after workouts compression socks improve your circulation more, thus they help the waste materials wash out of the muscles quicker.

Shin splints and plantar fasciitis

Both shin splints and plantar fasciitis are common conditions among runners and active workers. Plantar fasciitis compression socks are a little more effective at treating the condition.

Compression socks cover your whole leg, thus preventing the blood from pooling up. They apply pressure to even the smallest veins inside your leg, thus improving circulation even more.

When it comes to shin splints, compression sleeves do just as well. Shin splints are not affected by what goes on inside your feet.


With compression sleeves, you need to wear an extra sock over the sleeve. This makes compression socks a favoured item among office workers, pilots and nurses. Compression socks are ideal for increasing blood flow while sitting or standing for extended periods of time. This makes them a favoured choice among office workers, teachers and nurses.

Compression socks – unlike sleeves – cover your whole leg from your toes to your knees. This covering gives your legs the most benefit from compression technology, hence they are a safe choice to start with if you are a new compression user.

Here is a video about how compression socks vs sleeves work:

Putting them on

One of the biggest pros to wearing sleeves is that they are easier to put on. Anybody who is over thirty and tried to put on compression socks can attest that they can be quite a workout. They have to be tight, and strong, so pulling them on over your legs can be quite a challenge. With sleeves a significant part of the item is missing, you basically only have to pull a tube over your leg – albeit a very tightly fitting tube.


 For competitive long distance runner, if the socks get displaced during a run it can be the end of the race. The sudden discomfort can get a runner out of her zone, and the race is done. Realigning the socks might help, but this takes important minutes from race time, and the muscles can become cold and stiff during the process.

There are no such problems with sleeves. Even if they get saggy, just stopping for a split second and pulling them up again should get the job done.

Sleeves are a much better option for triathletes. After getting out of the water, the legs are wet. This makes putting up a pair of dry socks impossible. If you try this, the socks will come down to your ankles. Compression wearables will aid running result and post-race recovery, not to mention that many racers claim that they helps with a faster transition from swimming to the bike. The custom is to wear them under the swimsuit.

Washing them

Compression sleeves are easier and quicker to wash. Although if your garments are machine washable, then whether they are socks or sleeves makes no real difference.


Whether you are a runner, an office worker or a nurse compression socks and sleeves can both improve your circulation immensely. They both help with certain conditions, but whether one should choose compression socks or compression sleeves depends on a lot of factors.

In the question of compression socks vs sleeves the former can be more helpful since it covers a larger area of the ligament. This results in better blood circulation. Compression sleeves reduce movement less, and are easier to put on.



How to choose and use the best compression socks for edema?

Are your legs swollen? Do they appear thicker than normal? Chances are that you are suffering of edema, commonly referred to as swollen feet. In this article we are going to focus on what steps you can take to prevent or end this condition. We will also take an in-depth look at which ones are the best compression socks for edema.

What is edema?

Looks of different cases of edema.

Edema is a clinical term for water retention. In everyday life you might refer to it as swelling. The feet – most likely the ankles – get fat and heavy. This occurs either because the circulatory system can’t transport the excess fluid away from the swollen area, or because the body can’t get rid of the fluids.

The symptoms of swelling include tight skin, bloated legs, or skin marks. In very severe cases of edema if you press the skin at the swollen area it retains its shape only after 20 seconds. At that point even the best compression socks for edema might not be enough. Consult with a trained physician.


The looks of swollen feet.

Edema can appear as a result of several causes. Pregnancy, humid weather, running injuries, sitting or standing for extended periods of time. In other cases the failure of the circulatory system is the cause. Kidney failure is also a common cause. With ageing edema becomes more common, and some medications have edema as a side effect. People taking long flights and pilots may also experience swelling of the feet, as a side effect of deep vein thrombosis. In all of these cases choosing and wearing the best compression socks for edema can do wonders for the health of your feet.


The main cause of edema: Different types of pressure in the veins

To understand what causes edema, you have to know about two terms: hydrostatic and osmotic pressure. Both types of pressure influence how much fluid gets into the veins from the cells and vice versa. The pressure that fluids put on the walls of the veins is called hydrostatic pressure. Osmotic pressure is generated by proteins and the blood plasma.

If the hydrostatic pressure rises in the veins, there will be more edema. Similar effects will follow if the osmotic pressure falls in the veins or rises in the cells. These factors can be influenced by drinking enough water and eating healthy. Eating just enough salt and minerals as well as drinking at least eight glasses of water every day will go a long way to keep the osmotic and hydrostatic pressure at an adequate level.

Best compression socks for edema as treatment

BeFit24: The best compression socks for edema

The best compression socks for edema can do wonders for ending the condition. You can speed up the healing process by eating a certain diet, or applying cream to the swollen area. However the combination of these two work best. Although in most cases just choosing and wearing the best compression socks for swelling consistently should be enough.

Edema compression socks work by helping the blood flow back towards the heart and thus helping it wash out the excess fluids from your legs.

The BeFit24s are one of the best compression socks for edema. If you feel discomfort, puffy and swollen feet after a whole day of work, the BeFit 24 compression socks for edema can help treat the condition.


One of the biggest users of edema compression socks are pregnant women. Other, chemical based remedies are not safe to use during pregnancy, as the chemicals might affect the baby.

During pregnancy the weight of the featus puts extra pressure on the veins. The circulatory system struggles to remove all the fluids from the legs. There are different models on the market, differing mostly in their length. Full length models that cover the whole leg as well as the stomach are called maternity compression leggings. If you see varicose veins and experience swelling only in your lower extremities, than pregnancy compression socks might be enough for you.

Organic treatment options

With most things in life, regular exercise can make a whole world of difference. The movement of the muscles has a natural massaging effect on the veins, which helps move the fluid away from the swollen area.

Consuming too much salt can increase the osmotic pressure inside the veins. This can be solved either by consuming less salt, or drinking more water.

Elevating your legs while sleeping helps the blood flow quicker from your lower extremities, the veins can transport the excess fluid away from your legs quicker. This also helps a lot if you struggle with varicose veins.

Avoid standing or sitting for extended periods. This is the primary cause of the breakdown if the circulatory system in your lower extremities. Walk around, move a little it every hour when you are sitting down. Take a nap with your feet elevated every afternoon.

Loosing weight can also help a lot, as the excess weight puts more pressure on your veins. Just as with salt, it might be wise to limit your sugar, alcohol and caffeine intake. Caffeine and alcohol dehydrate the body, sugar raises the osmotic pressure inside your veins.

There are alternate therapies claiming to be effective at treating swelling. These include acupuncture, massage therapy and plant-based organic pills and supplements. I am sceptical how effective these would be on their own, but they could be a good added way to speed up the healing process, together with a pair of the best compression socks for treating swelling.

How long before you see the effects of compression socks in treating edema?

The best compression socks for edema start improving your circulation as soon as you put them up according to Vein Directory. However it is possible that it will take 24 hours or even a few days before you start to see the swelling reduce. If you don’t see the edema slowly going away, either the compression socks are not fitting properly, or they are not strong enough. Maybe you have some other physical condition, which doesn’t allow the swelling of your feet to stop.

How do compression socks treat edema?

The best compression socks for edema work on a very simple premise. By putting pressure on the legs they reduce the diameter of the veins. This speeds up the blood flow.

The best type of compression socks for edema are all graduated compression socks. These models put the most pressure on the ankles the level of compression gets smaller gradually as it gets higher on the legs.

Another type of compression is uniform compression. That type puts the same amount of pressure everywhere on the legs. Although research showed that graduated compression is more effective at treating most venous disorders than uniform compression, the latter is prescribed by doctors in treatment of edema. In 2004 Partsch, Winiger and Lun found that graduated, between 11 to 21 mm Hg pressure was the best compression socks for treating edema after a long day of standing or sitting.

Hg mm stands for millimetres of mercury, it is used for measuring the strength of the compression socks by how much pressure they put on your legs.

What are the most common compression ranges?

 Mild compression: 8-15 mm Hg. Used for treating situational, easy cases of edema.

 Moderate compression: 15-20 mm Hg. Used for treating mild to moderate swelling and leg pain. Most compression socks for treating swelling in nurses, teachers and truck drivers are in this range.

Firm compression: 20-30 mm Hg. Used for treating more severe cases of edema, mostly with bed ridden patients, as this type can prevent venous leg ulcers.

Extra firm compression: Over 30 mm Hg. Also called medical grade compression, doctors prescribe them in extreme cases of leg swelling, mostly with people who suffer from diabetes.

The best amount of pressure for treating edema is between 15 to 20 mm Hg.  Benigni et al performed a study to determine what is the best amount of pressure to use to treat different venous diseases. They have found that lower, 15-20 mm Hg pressure was more effective at treating swollen feet than l0 mm Hg pressure or lower.

This pressure between 15 and 20 mm Hg is recommended by most physicians for treating venous diseases. More severe cases might require compression socks between 20 and 30 mm Hg pressure. Models over 30 mm Hg are very rare and they are available only with a doctor’s prescription.

Compression socks or stockings: is there a difference?

The short answer is no. There is no real difference in how edema compression socks or stockings work, or how effective they can be at treating swollen feet. The main difference is their length. Socks usually end just below your knees. Stockings can cover your lower abdomin. This is an important feature if you experience swelling in this area, which is common with pregnant women. As a rule of thumb I advise to use the shortest compression garments that cover the swollen area, but nothing more. Putting on and taking off these garments can be a hassle, and if you choose a poor model it can get really sweaty.

The BeFit24 Compression Socks for Edema

The BeFit24 edema compression socks

If you suffer from edema at the end of your day, these compression socks are the perfect fit for you. They are simply the best compression socks for edema. By applying between 10-14 mm Hg pressure on your legs, these socks help treat edema by helping your veins wash out the excess fluid from your legs. As a great sideffect these socks treat and prevent the appearance of varicose veins.

You wear these socks during flights. The graduated compression prevents edema in your legs, which commonly tortures flight travellers around the world.

The socks are made of 55% elastane and 45% polyamide. This combination lets your feet breathe, so it stays clean and dry even if you wear them during your workday.




Tonus Elast Open Toe Medical Compression Socks

This open toe models are medical grade compression socks that put anywhere between 18 and 21 mm Hg pressure on your legs.

The flat seams are one of the best features of these socks. The design of the socks prevents blisters and chaffing. The dense structure of the material is designed to aid blood flow during long flights  and workdays, thus reducing swelling. The socks are made of 80% polyamide and 20% lycra.

The heel zone has a strong design to give your legs additional support and extend the service time of these products.



Neo G Travel and Flight Compression Socks

These socks were designed mainly in airline travellers in mid, but since they treat edema well in the air, there is no reason why they couldn’t treat swelling just as well on the ground.

They put between 14 and 18 mm Hg graduated pressure on your legs to prevent swelling and DVT. The maximum compression slowly decreases from your ankles up towards your knees.

The reinforced material and the heel cup guarantee durability and comfort. The graduated compression technology is ideal for helping blood flow and helping the excess fluids get out of the legs. The best compression socks for edema work by applying graduated compression on the legs, so does this model.


How long should you wear compression socks?

You can find all the information about the best types of compression socks for you on CompressionCarl. So far I didn’t talk a lot about how long you should wear compression socks. In this article I will tell you exactly when to put on and when to remove your compression socks based on your conditions.

My goal is to give you exact advice, and share some tips from top experts of the field. There is so much misleading information on the internet about exactly how long you should wear compression socks, that I felt compelled to write an article that clears up the subject once and for all.

How long should you wear compression socks?

The amount of time you should spend with your compression socks on varies based on what you use them for in the first place. This is an opinion that is shared by several experts, such as the Lafayette Regional Vein and Laser Center. A runner looking for quicker recovery is in a completely different situation than a young backbacker who wants to prevent DVT. Wearing compression socks after a surgery is also different.

If you are wearing the socks for general venous health, it is possible that you don’t even need compression socks. You can contribute a lot to healthy veins by being in good shape, taking at least 10 000 steps and drinking at least eight cups of water each day. If you still notice varicose veins on your legs, consult with a trained physician.

Nurses should wear compression socks from the beginning of their shift until the end.

Other jobs involve sitting in one place for hours on end. Working in front of the computer or driving trucks belong in this category. Walking has an important part in helping the circulatory system. The contraction and expansion of the muscles pushes the walls of the veins together and then releases them, which helps move the blood around. For people in sitting occupations I recommend wearing compression socks during the whole work shift. Standing up sometimes and taking a short walk should do wonders too.

Airline travel

Compression socks are also popular with airline travellers and pilots. The legs are under different pressure on the ground than up in the air, which affects the veins. Small blood cloths might travel in the circulatory system and get stuck inside the veins of larger muscles groups, also called deep veins. This is where the name of the phenomena comes from – deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Compression socks reduce the risk of DVT during long flights. If I travel I already go to the airport wearing my compression socks. If it very hot, or I don’t want to be seen in my hip Physix Gear Sport compression socks, I just go to the restroom after checking in and put my socks on.

The ankles are prone to swelling during long flights. The walls of the veins loose their firmness as a result of the pressure difference, the circulatory system can’t transport the intracellular fluids away. Hence the swollen ankles. Wearing compression socks for the whole duration of the flight prevents the swelling of the ankles.

Recovering from surgery

Compression socks can make a big difference to the cosmetics of your legs after surgery.

Post surgery compression socks reduce the development of blood cloths, not to mention they makes a whole world’s difference in cosmetics after small vein sclerotherapy. Dr. Nicholas Kemp recommends wearing compression socks after vein sclerotherapy of laser vein surgery. Needless to say, that if your physician sees fit, you should keep wearing compression garments during the time you are recovering in bed. Just to be sure, wearing them 1-2 weeks after leaving the hospital, until the final checkup is wise. Once the patient is out of the hospital blood cloths are very rare, but it is better to e safe than sorry. Wear them as much as you can.


Getting rid of venous leg ulcers is a full time job. Wearing compression garments for 24 hours a day is a standard part of a VLU recovery protocol. Stockings and socks designed for this purpose can put anywhere between 30 to 50 mm Hg pressure on your legs. They can hold really tight, which prevents some people from sleeping. If you are one of these people, your physician can recommend alternative recovery devices, such as leg wraps or the Circ-Aid machine.

Runners:competition and recovery

Runners were one of the early adapters of compression socks.

One of the early adopters of compression therapy were runners. Empirical evidence suggests that compression therapy aids runners during competition by lowering their heart rate and raising their lactate threshold. Runners should put on their compression socks before warm-up, and have them on until the end of cool down.

However more runners use compression socks after races to recover faster. There are multiple recovery devices one can use to get regain the freshness of their muscles sooner. The exact time you should put on your compression sock might differ, but as a general rule put them on as soon as you can after the race, and leave them on for at least six hours. You can even leave them on during the night for your sleep.


How long should you wear compression socks? That depends largely on what you use them for. Runners, nurses or patients recovering from surgery all have different needs. As a result, they should wear compression socks for different time lengths. If you have any questions, share it in the comments below.


Cycling compression socks: Can they make you a better cyclist, or they just look funny?

If you have ever been to a cycling race, you must have come across a specific type of cycler. The one that wears a strange type of elastic, purple long hosiery you can see from miles away. We call these items cycling compression socks.

You start having strange thoughts in your head: Did he put them on in the morning? Maybe he even sleeped in them. Maybe he wore them on the way to the race in the car. For sure he is going to cycle the whole length of the race wearing those footwear. When the race is over, for sure he is going to get back into his car wearing them, and if he is really manic, he will even sleep in his sweaty hosiery again.

If you see that guy, you have found a real believer in the benefits of compression hosiery. He is compelled that he is fresher than the others and he is recovering quicker than any of the other competitors. At the moment the scientific evidence on the usefulness of cycling compression socks in enhancing sports performance and helping recovery is inconclusive. But more on that later…


Are cycling compression socks effective?

Compression socks have a long history of successfully treating venous disease, such as varicose and spider veins. They are well known to improve circulation in pregnant women, as well as diabetic and bed-bound patients.

The reason for its success is the added pressure it puts on the veins, speeding up the blood flow. The blood collects and flows in small veins in the extremities. The speed of the blood flow can be made faster, if some pressure is put on the legs. This makes the veins tighter, and the same amount of blood flows quicker in a vein with a smaller diameter.

Compression socks are common items in the NBA.

In the eighties athletes started thinking, if bed-bound patients and the elderly can benefit from compression technology, why can’t we. Hence the start of athletes using these to enhance performance, recover quicker and draw a few sideways glances at races. Although the last one is admittedly a side effect. Some sports – like basketball – have embraced the compression wearables as a part of the sport’s dress code.

Nowadays compression shorts, hosiery and socks have become common among endurance athletes. Although runners benefit massively from these wearables, recently cyclists started using them. The ones who were early adapters were the travelling cyclists. On long airline travels compression socks can reduce the risks of DVT significantly and speed up recovery.

What does science say?

Despite the empirical findings of endurance athletes, what other pieces of evidence are there that compression socks work? Does science back it up? There have been experiments looking at the use of compression garments for runners. Some experiments have found that these products help during competition. For example the heart rate of runners was lower while wearing compression socks during the race then otherwise. Runners were able to raise their lactate threshold during competition.

Rob Duffield, PhD has found evidence of compression socks helping runners. Despite publishing three studies about compression wearables, and making several more for companies, he has found no evidence that it helps cyclists.

Some other researchers have found compression hosiery to be helpful. Jeremiah Peiffer, PhD and exercise physiologist at the the Murdoch University in Australia regularly wears these cycling compression socks as he is a competitive cyclist himself. He claims that the theory of improved blood flow aiding athletic output and recovery is a very sound one, although it is hard to find scientific evidence that it helps cyclists.

In 2008 a study from the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance found that muscles covered with compression garments worked using less oxygen. Matt Driller, a researcher working for the Australian Institute of Sport performed two studies to measure the effects of compression garments on back-to-back 15 minute cycling trails. He found that cyclist dealt better with fatigue, and could repeat their athletic performance sooner after wearing compression tights.

Why the conflicting results on cycling?

The way the human body works during cycling might account for the reason why cycling compression socks are not as effective as for runners. During pedalling the muscles shorten during exertion since it is a concentric motion. In other sports such as walking and running the muscles lengthen during activation, which leads to delayed onset muscle soreness. This is a condition compression socks can help with during recovery. However cyclists are unlikely to get delayed onset muscle soreness.

Empirical evidence

Triathletes often wear compression garments if the rules of the particular race permits them – not all races do. Despite the mixed results of studies most athletes still believe in their effectiveness and wear them. Maybe the placebo effect is at play here. In very easy terms, the placebo effect means the mind believes a particular intervention is helpful. It actually has an effect, without changing anything in the physiology. For many athletes the way they feel affects the way they race. Simply having cycling compression socks on and feeling like you have an edge over other competitors might be enough to justify wearing them. Even if their effect is purely mental, they can help a lot if the athlete has to cover long distances on back-to-back days.

If you decide to wear compression socks for cycling, what should you pay attention to?

Secrets to finding the perfect cycling compression socks

  • Size and fit 

First of all, choosing the proper fit is very important. If the socks are too tight, they will choke the blood out of your legs instead of helping circulation. If they are saggy, the garment won’t hold the muscles effectively.

 Always check the size chart of the company. The size chart is always featured on the product’s Amazon page. When in doubt, it is better to choose the smaller option.

  • Graduate or uniform compression?

There are different types of compression technologies on the market, the most notable ones are uniform and graduate compression. Uniform compression puts the same amount of pressure everywhere on the muscles. The more common graduate compression puts more pressure on the muscles the further they are from the heart, and less pressure if they are closer to the heart. Graduate compression is more common, since it creates the ideal help for blood flow without restricting the movement of the muscles in any way.

Above you can see the pink version of the Physix Gear Sport compression socks. They are comfortable graduate compression socks that refresh your legs. For this reason they are the model I recommend for all my runner friends. If you believe in the effects of compression, you can’t go too wrong with this model.

  • Seamless

If possible, look for seamless products. A badly designed seam can cause chaffing, blisters and make your cycling experience a real handful. The products advertised on this site all avoid pressure in areas that can chafe or restrict circulation.

  • Durability

All the products advertised on this site are very durable. They are usually made of some combination of nylon, polyester and spandex, with a little bit of mesh added for better breathability. The breathable material lets the sweat evaporate from your skin. As a result, with these materials yo won’t be swimming in your sweat while you cycle. The best cycling leggings feature a 360-degree stretch material that stretches around every individual’s muscles for better fit, and better aerodynamics on the bike.

The best products have an antibacterial yarn. Small silver linens run through the fabric for added protection against bacterial infections and fungi development. Hygiene is key, especially if you race and have to wear the items repeatedly.

The best products have some extra padding at the saddle area. This makes the race more comfortable, and reduces the chances of chaffing or blisters while you are sitting in the saddle.

So which are the best cycling compression socks for men and women? Let’s take a look at the three best products!

Physix Gear Sport Compression Socks

The Physix Gear Sport Compression Socks cut down your recovery time

Finally you don’t have to look foolish in your cycling compression socks. A stylish design that doesn’t compromise on comfort or effectiveness. The graduated compression technology speeds up your blood flow, so your muscles can recover faster. Your sweat can evaporate through the drying material of the socks. Your skin will remain fresh, dry and healthy.

There is no need to compromise on style, health or comfort anymore. Your wallet will stay healthy. The company offers a no questions asked, 100% money-back guarantee in case you find yourself disappointed with the product. But you won’t. Physix Gear Sport users are raving fans. Get ready to become one.

Blitzu Sports Graduated Sports Compression Socks

The Blitzu cycling compression socks in action

The Blitzu Sports compression socks are well known among runners for their groundbreaking kinesiology taping design. This is the only model on the market combining the stability of kinesiology taping with the effect of compression technology. If you suffer from aching joints and ankle problems, this is the perfect model for you.

The ultra stretchable fabric provides durability and flexibility. Your skin can breathe in this fabric. It stays fresh and dry during even the longest rides. You will get the confidence, and energy boost you need to perform at the edge of your abilities.

It is available in many different styles and colours. Feel the confidence, feel the boost and feel the difference right away. The company offers a 100% satisfaction guarantee. If you don’t feel the extra these socks can provide for you, Blitzu will return your money, no questions asked.

VeloChampion Compression Sport Socks

VeloChampion Compression Socks

The most technical compression socks on our list. Made with a special blend of technical yarns to provide comfort and recovery even during the longest rides in the saddle.

They provide 20-3o mm Hg compression for your legs. The oxygen flows and the waste materials leave your muscles quicker. These cycling compression socks give excellent support to your legs. You will be surprised how much they speed up the recovery process, and how much fresher you will be if you use these socks for cycling and running.



As you can see, there are many different high quality products on the market. Although the empirical evidence is clear that cycling compression socks enhance the performance and recovery of cyclists, but the science so far is inconclusive. Even if it is just the placebo effect, the compression socks can be a great aid for any serious cyclist out there.